Gig Mill Primary School

Tel: 01384 818600

Scarlet Fever

What is it?
Scarlet fever is caused by bacteria (streptococci) and is characterised by a rash. These bacteria more often just cause a sore throat.

How do you know if someone has it?
The main symptoms include a nasty sore throat and fever. The fash is a fine, raised, red rash (feels like sandpaper) which disappears momentarily when pressed. It appears most commonly on the next, chest, under the arms, elbows and inner thighs. The rash does not usually affect the face, which is flushed. During convalescence, the skin usually peels on the fingers and toes.

Is it Infectious? 
Yes, to close contacts of the patient and rarley by indirect contact  through objects or hands.

What is the incubation period?
Short, usually 1-3 days, rarely longer.

Is there any treatment? 
Penicillin reduces the length of the illness and the possibility of rare complications. There are alternatives for people allergic to penicillin.

What should I do if someone has the illness? 
Consult your Doctor who will confirm the diagnosis and decide about treatment.
The infected person should rest while they have fever.
Keep a child with a fever cool by reducing clothing and bedclothes and by giving paracetamol as prescribed on the bottle.
If possible, babies and people with low resistance to infection (immunosuppression) should avoid contact with the patient.

How soon can someone with the illness return to school?
People are infectious from the day the sore throat starts until 24 hours after starting antibiotics. Individuals may return to school 24 hours from commencing antibiotics and feel well enough to do so.

<<January 2019>>